In 1814, the Dutch government ceded the Cape Colony to the British and significant British migration to southern Africa followed. Discuss the experiences of Khoesan people during the 18th century. The first Dutch colony that was established in 1609 was mainly a trade outpost, therefore, it was advantageous for the colonists to cultivate amicable relationships with their Native American neighbors. Trekboers (Cape Archives) As the whites moved inland to find the best farmlands they seriously encroached on Khoikhoi land. Slaves were transported to the Cape from a wide range of areas in the Indian Ocean world, including South and Southeast Asia, Madagascar, and Mozambique. How do we account for the disintegration of Khoesan societies in the south-western Cape by the early 18th century? As they moved inland, conflicts grew worse. The initial purpose of the settlement … RICHMOND, VA—The Dutch East India Company established a small settlement at what is now Cape Town in 1652. The Dutch stole as well as bought cattle from the Khoikhoi. In 1647, the Dutch Ship- Harlem broke up after an accident at the Table Bay and the survivors had to settle at the Cape. The Cape – Halfway to the East. This event led to the discovery of the Cape as a suitable place for settlement. Explore the impact of the establishment and expansion of the Dutch settlement on the Khoesan before 1700. The Dutch colonists initially treated Native Americans with respect, however eventually relations between the two became strained. The British occupied the Cape in 1795, ending the Dutch East India Company’s role in the region. Before any settlement was established at the Cape, many ships called in at Table Bay for refreshment. The small size of the population meant a severe labor shortage, and to complete the arduous tasks of early settlement, the Dutch West India Company imported some 450 African slaves between 1626 and 1664. In 1659, the Khoikhoi fought the Dutch over grazing land south of Able Bay. In addition, the Dutch West India Company, which undertook to establish the new world settlement, found it difficult to find competent officials to keep, the colony running smoothly. South Africa - South Africa - British occupation of the Cape: When Great Britain went to war with France in 1793, both countries tried to capture the Cape so as to control the important sea route to the East. Then in 1664, with a revival of British interest in colonial activity, the Dutch settlement was taken over through conquest. Reason For Dutch Settlement In Cape Town. Soon after the Portuguese explorer, Bartholomeu Dias rounded the Cape in 1488, other explorers found the sea route to the East and soon trade routes were established via the Cape between the East and West. 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